One of my favorite college memories is of the time I lived in France and my host brother brought me and a friend to a wine tasting party. While they all tasted kinda gross at the time, the experience really sparked my interest in wines, their histories, and their creation. 
However, there are a dang LOT of different kinds. Even now, I am confused half the time about what I’m drinking unless I read the bottle or Google. BUT…having a general idea of what you’re drinking is a really good knowledge to have, especially if you’re bringing a bottle as a hostess gift or serving it with a meal. 
As such, I’ve created a list of some popular kinds of wine you might find in the supermarket, what they taste like, and what you might serve them with. I’ve left out a ton, but hopefully these will get you off to a good start!
White Wines

Taste:  Wide bodied, buttery, velvety, and often with fruity citrus and melon, as well as creamy coffee, coconut, toffee, and vanilla flavors
Pairing:  Fish, Salmon, Chicken
Pinot Grigio
Taste: Crisp and dry 
Pairing: Versatile
Savignon Blanc
Taste: Normally shows a herbal character suggesting bell pepper or freshly mown grass. The dominating flavors range from sour green fruits of apples, pears and gooseberries through to tropical fruits of melon, mango and blackcurrant.
Pairing: Seafood, poultry, salads
Taste: Light and fresh with an aroma of fresh apples 
Pairing: Chicken, pork, and especially fishes like tuna and salmon. Also good with Japanese food
Reds Wines
Pinot Noir
Taste: Delicate and fresh; it has hints of cherry and strawberry, often with notes of tea-leaf, damp earth, or worn leather.
Pairing: Excellent with grilled salmon, chicken, lamb and Japanese dishes (especially sushi!).
Cabernet Savignon
Taste: Full-bodied, but firm when young. Hints of Current, bell peppers, and oftentimes vanilla
Pairing: Red meat
TasteScents include blackcherry, plums and herbal flavors
Pairing: Versatile
TasteA zesty flavor with berry and pepper.
Pairing Tomato-sauce pasta, pizza, and grilled and barbecued meats.
TasteMeat (steak, beef, wild game, stews, etc.)
PairingAromas and flavors of wild black fruit (such as blackcurrant), with overtones of black pepper spice and roasting meat. 
Others Wines

White Zinfandel
Taste: Aromas of strawberries and raspberries, with a subtle sweetness
Pairing: Good for cooling down spicy foods or for a refreshing drink on hot days
Taste: Sweet and fruity
Pairing:  Desserts!

(Wine info paraphrased or quoted directly from French Scout. Pics courtesy of